Amavasya and Purnima correspond to the two extreme states of the waxing waning cycle of the moon. While amavasya is called no moon day or new moon day, Purnima is called full moon day. Moon being the natural satellite of earth and being seen in sky graciously shining over the earth, it has always evoked the imagination and praise of people and it is rendered more interesting due to the waxing and waning cycle making it grow and diminish in size over the lunar month.
The moon goes around the earth once in every 29.5 days. The moon cannot glow on its own and it just reflects the sun rays falling on it. During its various positions around the earth, it is exposed to varying amount of sun rays as the earth occurs in between. Therefore moon appears to grow and reduce in its size.
When the earth
completely blocks the moon from the sun, it is Amavasya and when the moon is
completely exposed to the sun, it is Purnima. Purnima is considered as a highly
auspicious in Hindu tradition when the positive forces and divine energy rules
over the earth. The birth anniversaries of some great souls are celebrated on
Purnima including Vyas Purnima and Buddha Purnima.
How to observe Sani Pradhosha Vradha? According to Hindu mythology, the day Saturday is dedicated to Lord Shani or Shaneeshwara, one of the Navagrahas or nine celestial gods. Lord Shani or Sani has always been related with troubles and ill effects. Moreover, all Hindus believing in astrology dread the effects of Shani over a person's life. To overcome and avoid the adversities and misfortunes of Lord Shani, people observe fasts on Shanivar or Saturday.
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